What are Covered Calls, and How Do they Work in trading?

Are you looking to explore the world of investing and trading? If so, understanding covered calls is an essential part of the process, as they can help mitigate your risk while still allowing you to profit from the markets. In this article, we will look at precisely these strategies and how they work in trading.

We’ll review common terminology associated with covered calls trades, familiarise you with how options chains work, and discuss when it makes sense to utilise such a strategy and its inherent risks and rewards. With this comprehensive guide on uncovered calls in your pocket, you can soon confidently start exploring opportunities for potential profits.

What Are Covered Calls and How They Work in Trading

Covered calls are an increasingly popular trading strategy. This strategy involves owning a stock and selling a call option on that stock. The call option gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to purchase the stock at a predetermined price. The seller of the call option is paid a premium for providing this right. The key to successful covered call trading is selecting suitable options and employing a sound exit strategy.

Investors need to be aware of the risks associated with selling call options. Although covered call trading can generate additional income and mitigate downside risk, it can limit potential profit. As with any trading strategy, investors must conduct extensive research and seek professional advice before engaging in covered call trading. Trading options in Dubai are becoming increasingly popular, so knowing the risks and rewards associated with this type of trading is essential.

Understanding the Mechanics of a Covered Call Trade

To properly understand the mechanics of a covered call trade, grasping certain vital concepts and terms is essential. First, options chains are an integral part of a trader’s arsenal. Options chains provide investors with quotes for various strike prices and expiration dates for call and put options on any asset being traded. The quotes include information regarding the current market price of the option, as well as its respective bid-ask spread.

The strike price is the predetermined price at which one party can purchase or sell an underlying asset. The expiration date is self-explanatory and pertains to the time a contract is valid. It’s essential to remember that options have an intrinsic value, which is determined by subtracting the strike price from the current market price of the underlying asset. If there is a positive difference between these two values, then it means that the option has intrinsic value and will therefore be profitable for the holder if exercised.

Types of Covered Calls and Their Benefits

There are two main types of covered calls: in-the-money and out-of-the-money. An in-the-money covered call is one where the current market price of the underlying asset is higher than the strike price. This strategy generally produces a conservative return, limiting potential losses while providing upside exposure to the underlying asset.

Out-of-the-money covered calls are the opposite and have a strike price higher than the underlying asset’s current market price. It generally produces a more aggressive return as it has more significant upside potential while providing downside protection. Regardless of which type of strategy you choose, covered calls can provide investors with a steady stream of income while mitigating risk.

Assessing Your Risk With Covered Calls

It is important to remember that when conducting any trading, it is essential to assess your risk tolerance. Covered calls are no exception, and investors should always ensure they understand the potential risks and rewards associated with trading before engaging in a strategy. It entails being familiar with expiry dates for options and keeping abreast of market news and any other relevant information that could affect the underlying asset’s price.

Furthermore, it is crucial to maintain a strict exit strategy when engaging in covered call strategies. It should include an entry point at which you decide to enter a trade, a predetermined stop-loss level, and a profit target. Having these points clearly defined before executing any trades ensures that your risk is managed effectively.


Covered calls are a popular trading strategy providing investors additional income while mitigating their downside risk. The key to successful covered call trading is understanding the mechanics of the trade and employing a sound exit strategy.

It is also essential to assess your risk tolerance before engaging in any trades and to always ensure that you are familiar with the terms and conditions of your options contract before executing any trades. With this comprehensive guide on covered calls in your pocket, you can soon confidently start exploring opportunities for potential profits.